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Our findings suggest that control of these highly troublesome weeds can be assisted by appropriate agricultural practices, notably exposing cut fragments to drying … A poultice of crushed leaves is a suggested natural remedy for stings, including the injury done by stinging nettles. —The dock roots are decidedly alterative, tonic, mildly astringent, and detergent, and are eminently useful in scorbutic, cutaneous, scrofulous, scirrhous and syphilitic affections, leprosy, elephantiasis, etc. Scientific name: Rumex obtusifolius Broad-leaved dock is well-known to most of us as the remedy for Stinging nettle irritations. fenestratus, Rumex articus , Rumex paucifolius, Rumex rugosus , Rumex sagittatus, Rumex vesicarius , and Rumex … The common Dock of our fields and roadsides, rumex obtusifolius, has a reputation among children as the best antidote to nettle sting, a reputation which is very well deserved as Clarke can testify. 2,4-DB amine or 2,4-D ester are effective when applied beforethe flower stalk elongates, but … Which Docks Are Edible? Rumex acetosa. Rumex crispus ssp. Common problems with Rumex obtusifolius. Rumex obtusifolius is sometimes used for medicinal purposes (USDA-NRCS 2008). uliginosus occurs on tidal estuarine mud. Rumex pulcher. Rumex acetosa-Sheep sorrel--(Gathered in June and dried, used locally for Epithelioma of face (Cowperthwaite). This plant has medical uses in European herbal medicine as well. Related plants. This species is well known for rubbing the long deep green leaves on the skin as an antidote to a nettle sting. MacDaniels 3984: 3/6/2018 - David Werier Ulster: 2010: BKL – BKL00098333 Herbarium Name Used: Rumex obtusifolius It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. The fruit of the plant is reddish brown. It is easily recognizable by its very large oval leaves with cordate bases and rounded tips, some of the lower leaves having red stems. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Worse from the least cold air; so that all cough ceases by covering up all the body and head with the bedclothes. Broadleaf dock is found in most of the western states, except Nevada, Wyoming and North Dakota. Rumex obtusifolius. Mature plants are capable of w... More... More information. [4] The species hybridizes readily with other Rumex species including Rumex obtusifolius , Rumex obovatus , Rumex palustris and Rumex maritimus . The flowers are greenish at first which turns red when they get matured. crispus occurs on waste and cultivated ground. According to Joslin, Rumex quoted by Hale, was used by allopaths internally and externally for the cure of itch. littoreus has a coastal distribution, and Rumex crispus ssp. pest. It is native to Northern Ireland and a number of other countries in Africa, temperate Asia, and Europe (GRIN Taxonomy Database, 2009). Curly and broadleaf dock . obtusifolius Werier (2017) voucher! Fiddle dock (Rumex pulcher) Rumex Acetosa Rumex diminishes the secretions of mucous membranes, and at the same time exalts sensibility of the mucous membranes of the larynx and trachea. The seeds are reddish to brown in color. L.; broadleaf dock . It is used in folklore medicine, and has been used as an antidote to nettle, depurative, astringent laxative and for the treatment of sores, blisters, burns, cancer and tumours (Dr Duke’s Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases, 2009 in Harshaw et al ., 2010). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. Family: Polygonaceae . They are quite a troublesome group because members easily cross-breed – broad-leaved dock especially with Scottish dock ( R. aquaticus ), water dock ( R. hydrolapathum ), curled dock ( R. crispus ) and northern dock ( R. longifolius ). Often considered a 'weed', it can be found next to water or on disturbed ground almost anywhere. The root and fruits are used as medicine. The leaves are crisped and wavy. Known Hazards Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many … ; for which purpose we prefer the Rumex crispus, which is principally employed for its alterative and tonic influences in all cases where these are desired. Genus. Habitat Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), coastal beaches (sea beaches), meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes, wetland margins (edges of wetlands) Touching the throat-pit brings on the cough. Broadleaf dock is treated as a weed which is somewhat poisonous. Dicamba (benzoic acid) is effective on curly dock ( Rumex crispus) but not on broadleaf dock ( R. obtusifolius ). Rumex hymenosepalus has been cultivated in the Southwestern U.S. to use in leather tanning, while leaves and stems are used for a mustard-colored dye . R. obtusifolius can be an invasive species on account of its prolific production of seeds, which can remain viable for a long time, its capability for vegetative reproduction, and adaptability to different environments. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Dry, unremitting short cough, and violent pains in the bowels; uvula elongated; inflammation of œsophagus; also cancer); Rumex obtusifolius-Lapathum -Broad-leaf dock--(nosebleed and headache following; pain in kidneys; leucorrhœa). It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. Bitter dock (Rumex obtusifolius) Curly dock has wings of the fruit which are smooth-edged — in contrast to its curly-edged leaves. Genus Rumex is comprised of some 200 species wordwide, of which approx. It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from July to October. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. Herbarium Name Used: Rumex obtusifolius ssp. Rumex obtusifolius has large leaves and some lower leaves have red stems. Preparations from old material are worthless, but very … Rumex obtusifolius Overview. Eaten for their tart flavor are: Rumex acetosa, Rumex acetosella, Rumex aquaticus var. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Rumex obtusifolius seedlings usually appear on the ground near adult conspecific plants, and their survival rate under the canopy of adult conspecifics is higher than that outside the canopy, indicating that adult R. obtusifolius plants facilitate their seedling establishments. Picloram (pyridine) is effective on most Rumex species. The young leaves are sometimes used in salads, bitter but pleasing as part of a mix, with a slightly laxative effect. The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . Rumex obtusifolius PID1745-1.jpg 901 × 1,200; 352 KB Rumex obtusifolius PID1746-1.jpg 901 × 1,200; 295 KB Rumex obtusifolius PID1748-1.jpg 900 × 1,200; 234 KB Leaves can be used as a vegetable; roots and seeds may be used for herbal or medicinal purposes Found in similar places to broadleaved dock. ; A.J. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock).R. Rumex crispus ssp. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter . datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Rumex obtusifolius L. Rumex spp. Range: Curly dock is found throughout the U.S., including every western state. Description. Rumex pulcher. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Similar to broad-leaved dock except for its leaves which are narrower, with crinkled edges, leaves tapered towards tip and base. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. In Ireland, R. obtusifolius is used as astringent, laxative, tonic, antidote to nettle, and for the treatment of sores, blisters, burns and cancer (Harshaw et al., 2010). Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. General information about Rumex obtusifolius (RUMOB) Euromediterranean region (except southeast), Siberia, Western Asia. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant that grows to a height of 40 to 150 cm (16 to 59 in). It is in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen in August. Rumex. The plant produces milk which cause mild dermatitis. Rumex patientia is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in). Docks have chracteristic seed pods (also called seed valves), and you can tell which species of Rumex it is by looking closely at the shape of the tiny pods (see photos below). The edges of the leaves are slightly "crisped" or wavy, the upper surface is hairless and the under surface may be papillose. Rumex hastatulus, or Heartwing Sorrel, is an annual or short-lived perennial herb-like plant, erect, weedy, with leaves that are mainly basal, alternate, and simple. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Used for their leaves and seeds are: Rumex rispus, Rumex obtusifolius (also called Butter Dock because it was used to wrap butter) Rumex patientia, Rumex pulcher, and Rumex sanguineus. 20 grow in Finland. It is noted for attracting wildlife. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. Curly dock (Rumex crispus) Curly dock (Rumex crispus) Since the seeds and seed stalks persist through the winter season, you can identify this plant by the fruit’s wings even in the winter. Sorrel. Rumex obtusifolius, Broad-leaf Dock, is common in the Blue Mountains and many other parts of Australia. Similar interactions of increasing soil depth and desiccation were found in reductions in dry weight, number of tillers and leaf area, with R. obtusifolius generally, but not exclusively, better able to withstand more extreme trial conditions. Eames & L.H. Rumex alpinus was used as a laxative, and to treat stomach problems in Bulgaria and Ukraine, and in Turkey against diarrhoea, constipation and eczema (Šťastná et al., 2010). Rumex crispus L.; curly dock . Flowers tend to be small, red in color, and carried in terminal, branched clusters. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. The leaf stalks are used in salads. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Rumex obtusifolius L. (Polygonaceae), commonly called ‘broad-leaf dock’, is one of the most common Irish wayside weeds, and it also occurs in silage fields, on river banks, in ditches and on waste grounds. 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